Paleo vs Keto: What you don’t know about these diets

There are many current trends that determine what you should eat to lose weight and maintain a healthy lifestyle. Usually these trends don’t last long, and people end up defeated by a restricted diet. There are, though, three currently trending diets which people swear by.

So, the question is which of these diets works the best? Each diet has pros but also health risks that you need to consider.

Intermittent fasting

The intermittent fasting method involves creating an eating plan where you switch between fasting and eating. This method has become very popular with people as it takes a different approach to the concept of dieting. Instead of choosing what to eat, you focus on when you eat.

There are five different ways to approach intermittent fasting, which is again different from most diets.

  • 16:8

This is the most popular way of intermittent fasting. This involves fasting for 16 hours during the day and then eating any time during the remaining 8 hours.

  • 5:2

This dieting ratio involves eating normally for 5 days out of the week but only eating 500-600 calories for the other 2 days.

  • Eat-stop-eat-stop

This method is a bit more complex which involves eating normally however, you fast for around 24 hours two times in a week. People who choose this method usually fast from one dinner to the next.

  • Warrior diet

Typically, you fast during the day however, some small portions of vegetables and fruit are allowed. You then “feast” at night during a four-hour timeframe.

Intermittent fasting allows drinks such as water and coffee. It is only solid foods which are banned during fasting.

You may think that fasting is bad for you and the answer is yes, it is. According to the experts at House Call Doctor, there are numerous health dangers involved with fasting such as fatigue, sleeping troubles, dehydration and an increase in stress levels.

Fasting is only a ‘quick fix’ to losing weight. When you fast, you only lose fluids and not any substantial weight. So, this dieting trend won’t last long term.

Ketogenic diet

The ketogenic (keto) method is a low-carb and high fat diet. The name of the diet comes from the term “ketones” which are molecules produced, which our bodies rely on when our blood sugar levels are low.

This diet can be very appealing to most people because it makes the body consume and run only on fat, which then increases the burn off rate.

There are many foods that are recommended for this diet such as:

  • Meat
  • Avocados
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Seafood
  • Cheese
  • Eggs
  • Vegetables (those which don’t have carbs).

There aren’t as many health risks associated with this diet, however people who have high blood pressure, diabetes or breast feeding, are recommended to not participate. The reason is because by avoiding carbohydrates, your blood sugar levels will decrease and affect doses of insulin, increase the chance of side affects (such as headaches) and will impact the already lowered levels of insulin from breastfeeding.

Before starting this keto diet, consult your doctor if you’re unsure of your suitability and how it will affect you.

Palaeolithic Diet

The Palaeolithic (paleo) diet stems from the concept that if a caveman didn’t eat it, you shouldn’t either. Another concept is that if your child can’t name all of the ingredients in your food, all the more reason why you shouldn’t eat it.

It involves not eating any packaged or processed foods, instead dieting on meat, nuts and seeds, eggs, seafood, fresh fruits and vegetables and healthy oils (such as coconut oils and olive oil).

Many foods that can’t be eaten on the paleo diet include:

  • Soft drinks
  • Chips
  • Legumes
  • Refined sugar
  • Salt
  • Potatoes
  • Cereal grains
  • Refined oils
  • Dairy

Even though this might appear as the healthiest diet, there are many risks involved. For instance, there is potential for deficiencies in vitamin D and calcium because of the decrease in consuming dairy. This is a controversial diet and is not entirely ‘new’.

All of these trendy diets have different risks that should be considered. So, consult your doctor to see if you’re eligible and raise any questions or concerns you may have.